English For Today HSC: Eating Habit and Hazards Word Meanings

Read Word Meanings of the chapter ‘Eating Habit and Hazards‘ in the link below :

Summary of ‘The Luncheon’ by William Somerset Maugham

Eating Habit and Hazards Word Meanings :

Word Synonyms
1. Habit (noun 

স্বভাব, অভ্যাস 

Antonym: inexperience, dishabituation

practice, custom, pattern, routine, style, convention, policy, way, manner, mode, norm, tradition, rule, tendency, propensity, inclination, bent, proclivity, proneness, disposition, predisposition 
2. Hazards ( noun )

বিপত্তি, বিরুপ প্রভাব, ঝুকি


Antonym: security, protection 

danger, risk, peril, threat, menace,difficulty, problem, pitfall, jeopardy, perilousness, endangerment, imperilment
3. Playwright ( noun )



Antonym: Not Applicable

dramatist, dramaturgist 
4. Lucid ( noun )

সহজবোধ্য,  স্পষ্ট 

Antonym: confused, delirious, incoherent, vague 

transparent, clear, crystalline, colourless, diaphanous, immaculate, coherent 
5. Admire ( verb )

প্রশংসা করা, তারিফ করা 

Antonym: condemn, vilify, defame, disapprove of, loathe

applaud, praise, commend, approve of, favor, appreciate respect, hold in high esteem, 

compliment, speak highly of

6. Luncheon ( noun )

মধ্যাহ্নজোজ, দুপুরেরখাবার 


Antonym: Not Applicable

lunch, a formal lunch 
7. Humor ( noun )

মেজাজ, কৌতুকরস 

Antonym: seriousness 

mood, temper, disposition, temperament, state of mind 


8.Irony ( noun )

পরিহাস, বিদ্রুপ 


Antonym: sincerity, logic 

sarcasm, sardonicism, cynicism, sharpness, acerbity, acid, bitterness, trenchancy, mordancy, 
9. Lavish (adjective)

অতিরিক্ত খরচ করার প্রবনতা, টাকা উড়ানো, উদারচিত্ত


Antonym: meager, frugal, mean, scant 

sumptuous, luxurious, luxuriant, costly, opulent, grand, elaborate, splendid, rich, regal, ornate, expensive
10. Expense ( noun, verb )

খরচ, ব্যায় 

Antonym: Income 

cost, price, expenditure charge, outlay, fee, tariff, toll, levy, payment, amount, rate 
11. Sight (noun)

দর্শন, নজর, দৃষ্টি

Antonym: oversight, invisibility

eyesight, vision, come into view, visual perception, observation
12. Beckon ( noun, verb )

ইশারা, সংকেত দেয়া, ইঙ্গিতকরা 

Antonym:Not Applicable

gesture, signal, wave, gesticulate, make a gesture, motion, nod, call
13.Interval ( noun )


Antonym: continuity

intermission, interlude, entr’acte, interim, break, recess, pause, gap
14. Mention ( verb )

উল্লেখ করা 

, Antonym: conceal ,hide 

allude to, refer to, touch on, hint at, raise, introduce
15. Hardly ( adverb )

কদাচিৎ, কষ্টকর, কঠিন ভাবে

Antonym: fully, regularly 

scarcely, barely, faintly, narrowly, slightly, rarely, little
16. Recognize ( verb )

চিনতে পারা , স্বিকার করা 


Antonym: forget,overlook 

identify, acknowledge, 

remember, recall, recollect, call to mind 

17. Address (verb, noun)

সম্বোধন, পিরচয় করা 


Antonym: avoid 

evoke, summon, accost , speech, location
18. Brightly ( adverb )



Antonym: palely 

glaringly, lively 
19. Overlook ( verb )

উপেক্ষা করা, মার্জনা করা, উচুহতে পর্যাবেক্ষণ করা 

Antonym: spot, notice,punish 

ignore, miss, fail to notice, fail to observe, leave unnoticed, forgive, observe 


20. Cemetery ( noun )

গরস্থান , সমাধিকেন্দ্র

Antonym: Not Applicable

graveyard, churchyard, burial ground, garden of remembrance, bone-yard, tomb 
21. Barely ( adverb )

কোনমতে, কেবলমাত্র 


Antonym: easily 

hardly, scarcely, just, only just, narrowly, by a very small margin, by the narrowest of margins 
22. Presently ( adverb )


Antonym: pastly 

at present, currently, at this moment, nowadays, these days, today
23. Afterwards (adverb) 

ভবিষ্যতে, পরে 


Antonym: before 

later, later on, subsequently, then, after that, following that, next, eventually, after a period of time, in due course
24. Beyond ( preposition ) 

বহুদূরে, ব্যতীত, দূরে

Antonym: near, close, within 

far, outside, the farther side of, behind, past, after, out of
25.Flatter ( verb )

তোষামোদ করা, চাটুকারিতা করা, পটানো, পটে যাওয়া 


Antonym: disparage, disdain 

eulogize, false praise, persuade
26. Modest ( adjective )



Antonym: immodest, impolite, boastful, conceited, grand ,grandiose, flamboyant 

polite, decent, gentle, moderate, unpretentious, humble, unpresuming, unostentatious, free from vanity, keeping, 

shy, bashful, timid, reserved, retiring, media-shy, reticent, quiet, coy, blushing, meek, docile, mild, apologetic 

27. Cut out ( verb )

বাদ দেওয়া 


Antonym: add 

exclude, eliminate, rule out, 
28. Correspondence (noun )

পত্র বিনময় করে

Antonym: Not Applicable

29. Appearance (noun)

: আবির্ভাব, উপস্থিতি 


Antonym: disappearance, departure 

letter, mail, post, communication, similarity 

advent, presence, arrival, emergence, look, countenance, mien

30. Imposing ( adjective )

মনোরম , প্রতারণাপূর্ণ 

Antonym: unimposing, modest 

deceptive, insidious, impressive in appearance, eye-catching, dramatic, spectacular, staggering, stunning, awesome, awe-inspiring, remarkable, formidable,splendid, grand, majestic, august, lofty, stately, dignified, resplendent 
31. Rather (adverb) 

বরং, ইহা অপেক্ষা বরং 

Antonym: Not Applicable

more precisely, to be precise, to be exact, correctly speaking
32. Impression ( noun )

প্রভাব, ছাপ 

Antonym: Not Applicable

impact, influence, mark, reputation, suspicion, apprehension
33. Talkative ( adjective )


Antonym: taciturn, reticent 

chatty, loquacious, garrulous, voluble, conversational, gossipy, chattery, chattering,communicative 
34. Inclined (adjective)

উৎসাহি, আগ্রহপূর্ণ, ইচ্ছুক 

Antonym:disinclined, unlikely 

disposed, desirous, enthusiastic, minded, willing, ready, prepared predisposed
35. Attentive ( adjective )



Antonym: inattentive,inconsiderate 

alert, awake, watchful, observant, perceptive, percipient, aware, noticing, heedful, mindful, vigilant, on guard, on the qui vive
36. Startle ( verb )

হকচকিয়ে উঠা, চমকানো, আঁতেক ওঠা 

Antonym: put at ease 

surprise, frighten, scare, alarm, shock, amaze, perturb, unsettle, agitate, disturb, disconcert, disquiet 
37. Anticipate ( verb )

ধারণা করা , অনমুান করা 


Antonym: lag behind, dread

expect, foresee, predict, forecast, prophesy, foretell, contemplate the possibility of, allow for, be prepared for 
38. Generously ( adverb )

উদার ভাবে 


Antonym: greedily

kindly, magnanimously, benignantly
39. Caviare ( noun )

একপ্রকার মাছের ডিম 


Antonym: Not Applicable

Not Applicable
40. Sink (p. Sank) [verb ]

চমকানো, ধক ধক করা, ডুবে যাওয়া 


Antonym: float 

succumb, immerse, drown 


41. Afford (verb)

সামর্থ থাকা 

Antonym: unbearable 

bear, sustain, stand, carry
42. Unwise (adjective)

মুর্খতাপূর্ণ, অবিবেচক, বোকামি 

Antonym: wise, sensible 

foolish, thoughtless, injudicious, goofy, ill-advised, imprudent 
43. Promptly (adverb) 

চটপট , তৎক্ষণাৎ 


Antonym: late , slowly 

instantaneously, quickly, swiftly, rapidly, speedily, fast, as soon as possible, ASAP, expeditiously 

at once, immediately, straight away, right away, without delay, without hesitation, forthwith, directly, instantly, instaby unhesitatingly 

44. Proceed (verb)

অগ্রসর হওয়া, চলেত থাকা 

Antonym: stop, discontinue 

continue, begin, make a start, get going, move, go on, make progress
45. Digestion ( noun )

হজম, পরিপাক 


Antonym: indigestion

dissolution,assimilation, absorption, ingestion
46. Hospitable (adjective) 

অতিথিপরায়ন, বন্ধুত্বপূর্ণ

Antonym: inhospitable, unfriendly

welcoming, friendly, congenial, genial, sociable, convivial, cordial, gracious, amicable, amenable, helpful, accommodating, neighbourly, warm-hearted, kind, kind-hearted, generous, liberal, bountiful, open-handed 
47. Effusive ( adjective )

প্রবল ভাবে আবেগ প্রকাশ


Antonym: restrained 

gushy, unrestrained, unreserved, extravagant, fulsome, demonstrative, lavish, enthusiastic, exuberant, ebullient
48. Amicable ( adjective )


Antonym: unfriendly, hostile 

friendly, good-natured, cordial, hospitable, courteous, polite, easy-going, neighbourly, brotherly, fraternal, harmonious, cooperative, civilized 
49.Trifle (noun)

তুচ্ছ পরিমাণ, অল্প


Antonym: great amount, crucial 

unimportant, unimportant thing, trivial matter, trivial thing, triviality, matter of no importance, thing of no importance, bagatelle, inessential
50. Pale ( adjective )

ম্লান, বিবর্ন, ফেকাশে


Antonym: bright, vivid 

faded , flabby, discoloured, bleak, white, tarnished 
51. Casually ( adverb )

উদ্দশ্যহীনভাবে, আকস্মিক ভাবে

Antonym: carefully 

vainly, miraculously, without purpose
52. Forbidden (adjective)


Antonym: permitted, legal 

prohibited, banned, debarred, vetoed, not allowed, disallowed, illegal, impermissible, not acceptable, unauthorized, unsanctioned 
53. Gaily ( adverb )

ফূর্তিতে, সনন্দে

Antonym: miserably, sombrely,anxiously 

merrily, cheerfully, cheerily, happily, joyfully, joyously, light-heartedly, blithely, jauntily, gleefully, with pleasure 
54. Task ( noun )

কর্মভার চাপানো, কাজ 

Antonym: leisure

job, duty, chore, charge, labour, assignment, function, engagement, exercise. 
55. Wave ( verb, noun )

ইশারা করা, ঢেউ 


Antonyms: Not Applicable

beckon, sign, gesture 
56. Gesture ( noun )

অঙ্গিভঙ্গি করা 

Antonym: Not Applicable

signal, posture, sign, hint, make a gesture, motion, wave, indicate, gesticulate
57. Conversation ( noun )

আলাপ আলোচনা , কেথোপকথন 

Antonym: speech, oration

discussion, colloquy, talk, chat, gossip, head-to-head, exchange, dialogue, parley, conference 
58. Horribly ( adverb )

ভয়াবহ, ভয়ংকরভাবে


Antonym: pleasantly, slightly 

dreadfully, terribly 
59. Often (adverb )


Antonym: seldom, rarely, never

frequently, many times, many a time, on numerous occasions, a lot, in many cases,repeatedly, again and again, time and again, over and over again, regularly, recurrently, continually, usually, habitually, commonly, generally, ordinarily,
60. Asparagus (noun) 

শতমূলী, সবজি বিশেষ 


Antonym: Not Applicable

Not Applicable


61. Giant (adjective, noun) 

দৈত্য আকৃতির, বিশাল, 


Antonym: tiny, miniature 

huge, gigantic, monstrous, prodigious, demon
62. Watered (verb) 

লালা ঝড়া 

Antonym: plain

dribble​, slaver, water 
63. Priest ( noun )

ধর্মজাজক, পন্ডিত 


Antonym: layman

clergyman, clergywoman, minister of religion, cleric, ecclesiastic, pastor, parson, churchman, father 
64. Splendid (adjective)


Antonym: modest, unimpressive, ordinary, indistinguishable, ,dreadful, awful, horrible 

magnificent, sumptuous, grand, impressive, superb, spectacular, resplendent, opulent, luxurious, palatial, deluxe, rich, fine, costly, expensive, lavish, ornate, gorgeous, glorious, dazzling, elegant, handsome, beautiful 
65. Tender ( adjective )

কচি, কোমল 

Antonym: hardy, hard-hearted, callous, unsympathetic, tough

delicate, soft, loving, affectionate fragile, breakable, frail 
66. Least ( adjective )


Antonym: greatest, most 

slightest, smallest, minimum, minimal, minutest, tiniest, littlest
67. Sighed ( verb )

দীর্ঘশ্বাস ফেলা 


Antonym:Not Applicable

Not Applicable
68. Panic (noun)

আতঙ্ক, ভয় 


Antonym: calm, calmness, relax 

fear, alarm, anxiety, nervousness, fright, trepidation, dread, terror, horror, agitation, hysteria, consternation, perturbation, dismay
69. Seize ( verb )

পাকড়াও করা, বাজেয়াপ্ত করা, গ্রাস করা 

Antonym: relinquish, liberate, release, ransom

grab, grasp, snatch, grip, clutch, take, pluck, arrest, occupy, confiscate 
70. Appear ( verb )

হাজির হওয়া 

Antonym: disappear, vanish

come, arrive, visible, come into view, come into sight, materialize
71. Enormous ( adjective )

প্রচুর, বৃহদাকার 


Antonym: tiny, small 

huge, vast, extensive, expansive, broad, wide
72. Succulent (adjective)



Antonym: dry, shrivelled, unappetizing

juicy, luscious, lush, fleshy, pulpy, soft, tender, fresh, flavoursome, flavourful, tasty, delicious, delectable, palatable, toothsome 
73. Appetizing (adjective) 

মখুেরাচক, ক্ষুধা উদ্রেককারী 


Antonym: bland, unappealing, unappetising 

mouth-watering, inviting, tempting, tasty, succulent, delicious, palatable, delectable, flavoursome, luscious, toothsome 
74. Tickle ( verb )

কুতুকুতু দেয়া, আলতো স্পর্শ করা 


Antonym: hurt, annoy

lightly touch, kittle, lightly prod, chuck
75. Nostril ( noun )

নাক এর ছিদ্র


Antonym: Not Applicable

Not Applicable
76. Faintly ( adverb )

দূর্বল ভাবে


Antonym: strongly, brightly, loudly,extremely 

indistinctly, softly, weakly, feebly 
77. Ingratiating (adjective, verb)

তোষামুদে, উৎসাহে 

Antonym: Not Applicable

Not Applicable
78. Blush ( noun )

লজ্জ্বারূপ হওয়া, আরক্তিম হওয়া 

Antonym: Not Applicable

flush, reddening, high colour, colour, rosiness, bloom
79. Peaches ( noun )

এক ধরনের ফল 


Antonym: Not Applicable

Not Applicable
80. Landscape ( noun )

প্রাকৃতিক ভূদৃশ্য 

Antonym: portrait

scenery, countryside, topography, country, land, terrain, environment outlook, view, panorama 


81. Miserable (adjective)

শোচনিয়, করুণ 


Antonym: happy,contented, luxurious,glorious, lovely 

unhappy, sad, sorrowful, dejected, depressed, downcast, downhearted, despondent, despairing, disconsolate, wretche, gloomy, dismal, melancholic, low-spirited, mournful, woeful, woebegone, doleful, forlorn, crestfallen, broken-hearted, heartbroken, inconsolable, luckless, grief-stricken
82. Inadequate (adjective)



Antonym: adequate, sufficient,competent

insufficient, not enough, deficient, poor, scant, scanty, scarce, sparse, too little, too few, short 
83. Tip ( noun )



Antonym: Not Applicable

pourboire , point, top
84. Rested ( verb )

:নিশ্রান্ত, নিদিষ্ট দিকে তাকােনা 


Antonym: spent,tried

placed, refreshed 
85. Instant (adjective)


Antonym: delayed, long-term 

immediate, instantaneous, prompt, direct, swift, speedy, rapid, quick, expeditious, lightning, sudden, precipitate, abrupt 
86. Mean ( adjective )

নিকৃষ্ট , কৃপণ, হীনমর্যাদাপূর্ণ 


Antonym: generous, extravagant, munificent, palatial 

miserly, niggardly, close-fisted, parsimonious, penny-pinching, cheese-paring, ungenerous, penurious, illiberal, avaricious, Scrooge-like 
87. Retorted (verb) 

প্রতিশোধ মলূক বা চতুর উত্তর দেওয়া 


Antonym: Not Applicable

revenge,pay back 
88. Humorist ( noun )

রিসক, কৗতুক পূর্ণ 

Antonym: Not Applicable

comic writer, comedian, comedienne, joker, jokester, clown, jester
89.Cab (noun) 

ট্রাক্সি বা ঘোড়ার গাড়ি 


Antonym: Not Applicable

cart , carriage, taxi
90. Vindictive (adjective)
Antonym: forgiving 
vengeful, revengeful, avenging, unforgiving, grudge-bearing, resentful, ill-disposed, implacable, unrelenting, acrimonious, bitter, spiteful, mean-spirited, rancorous, venomous, poisonous, malicious, malevolent, malignant, malign, evil, evil-intentioned, nasty, cruel, unkind, ill-natured, baleful 
91. Pardonable (adjective)
ক্ষমা করা যায় এমন
Antonym: inexcusable, unpardonable 
excusable, forgivable, allowable, condonable, minor, slight, venial, not serious, permissible
92. Observe (verb)
পর্যাবেক্ষ করা
Antonym: overlook, disregard, ignore, break 
notice, see, note, perceive, discern, remark, spot, detect, discover, distinguish
93. Complacency (noun)
মনের আনন্দ ,প্রসন্নতা
Antonym: dissatisfaction 
gladness, happiness, delight, smugness, self-satisfaction, self-approval
94. Weigh ( verb )
ওজন হওয়া
Antonym: Not Applicable
heavy, measure, mass, load,
95. Stone (noun)
Antonym: Not Applicable
14 pounds or 6.35 kilograms

‘The Unforgettable History’ Summary and Word Meaning : HSC English First Part

The Unforgettable History’ Summary

Main text/speech as in English For Today for Classes 11-12 (HSC English First Part Textbook) has around 1600 words. The summary beneath has around 500 words. The summary has been written for each para so that you can find them easy to write in exams. However, you should write the summary in a paragraph in exams. You can omit the phrases in the third brackets [ ] if you want to make it shorter.

The Unforgettable History Summary

(1st para) Addressing as brothers, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman tells/reminds/draws attention of the audience to the grief caused by the brutality (and murder) nationwide by the opressors. He echoes the want of freedom, life and rights of the Bengalis. (2nd para) Then Sheikh Mujib muses/reflects on/recalls the tragic history of Bengal of the last 23 years under West Pakistani regime, full of tortures and deprivations – last but not the least, depriving the elected party Awami League of forming government. (3rd para) He enlists the years which landmark the events of political deprivation/oppression faced by the Bengalis in Pakistan – murders in language movement in 1952, annulment/dismissal of the provincial government elected in 1954,  declaration of Martial Law by Ayub Khan in 1958, murders in the six point movement in 1966, transfer of power to Yahya Khan in 1969 and his false promises thereafter. (4th para) Mujib quotes his flexible proposals [as a representative of the majority in whole of Pakistan] to Yahya to arrange National Assembly sessions and Yahya’s conspiring with Mr. Bhutto together. (5th para) Bhutto then comes for further negotiations and Mujib complies with it. But Bhutto plots a rumour of an assassination planned for the West Pakistani MPs [coming in Bengal for the Assembly and resolves to prevent it]. (6th para) Mujib resolves that the Assembly would meet and President Yahya complies with it. Accordingly, 35 MPs from West Pakistan come to Bengal but Yahya treacherously dissolves it based on the same rumour plotted by Bhutto. (7th para) Afterwards, Mujib describes his leading a peaceful general strike observed by the Bengalis. (8 th para) But then he has to painfully describe the oppression by the West Pakistanis on this peaceful movement with bullets fired on Bengalis[, the majority people in Pakistan]. (9th para) Mujib demands justice for the massacre carried out, but Yahya proposes a Round Table Conference instead. Mujib strongly denies it [and condemns Yahya’s actions as the President]. (10th para)Again addressing as brothers, Sheikh Mujib tells the audience his refusal to join the Assembly on the 25 March and his preconditions – to withdraw Martial Law, to send back the army to the barracks, to punish the murderers. He then calls for a nationwide General Strike indefinitely, for executive institutions to shut down with an exemption for transports and banks. Mujib warns the authorities from doing any further aggression, and if done, he guides the audience to confront the enemy with whatever they have [till death even in his absence]. (11th para) He strongly warns the army personnel from taking part in aggression. (12th para), Mujib then goes on to address certain issues regarding the strike – he guides the relief process of the martyrs and the wounded, demands the payment of wages for factory workers during the strike, declares exemptions of tax and custom duties till liberation and demands obedience from the government employees. (13th para) He warns them from the enemy plotting from inside and to maintain internal and communal harmony. (14th para) Next, he demands the workers in radio, television, telegram and banks to conform with their cause, or be faced by the Bengalis. (15th, 16th, 17th and 18th paras) In his final remarks, Sheikh Mujib tells his people to revolt under Awami League’s and fight for this struggle of freedom and emancipation. He concludes with prayer for Bengal to live long.

The Unforgettable History Word Meanings in Ba



1. Grief (noun)
বিষাদ, ক্ষোভ
Antonym: joy, delight

sorrow, misery, sadness, anguish, pain, distress, agony, torment, affliction, suffering, heartache, heartbreak, woe, desolation, despondency, dejection, despair, angst, mortification

2. Yet (adverb)
তবুও, তথাপি, এখনো
Antonym : Not Applicable

nevertheless, nonetheless, even so, but, however, still, notwithstanding, despite that, hitherto, till now

3. Fortunate (adjective)
সৌভাগ্যবান, ঋদ্ধ
Antonym : unfortunate, unlucky, underprivileged

lucky, favoured, blessed, auspicious, born under a lucky star, having a charmed life, charmed, happy

4. Significant (adjective)
তাৎপর্যপূর্ণ, গুরত্বপূর্ণ
Antonym : insignificant, minor, meaningless

important, notable, noteworthy, serious, remarkable, outstanding, of consequence, consequential

5. Awash (adjective)
প্লাবিত,তরঙ্গবিধৌত, ভাসমান
Antonym : dried, parched

flooded, covered with water, afloat, submerged, engulfed, submersed

6. Overflowing (adjective, verb)
উপচে পড়া
Antonym: empty

brimming, overwhelmed, overfull, full to bursting, full to the brim, overcrowded, packed like sardines, congested, choked, overloaded, swelled up, thronged, swarming, teeming

7. Constitution (noun) সংবিধান, শাসনতন্ত্র

charter, set of laws, social code, body of law, system of rules

8. Import ( noun )
প্রভাব, গুরুত্ব
Antonym: expor

implication, importance, effect

9.Cope (verb, noun )
সামলানো , মস্তকাবরণ 
Antonym: crumble

vie, contend, manage, survive, subsist, tire, headwear

10. Draft  (noun)
খসড়া, নকশা
Antonym: final version

manuscript, preliminary version, sketch, outline, plan, blueprint, skeleton, abstract, main points, bones, bare bones

11. Regret( noun, verb )
অনুশোচনা করা, দুঃখ প্রকাশ
Antonym: exult, applaud

contrition, remorse, grief, lamentation, lament, bewail,

12. Tragic( adjective)
দুঃখ জনক, বিয়োগান্তক
Antonym: comic, fortunate, joyful

sorrowful, grievous, miserable, disastrous, calamitous, catastrophic, cataclysmic, devastating, terrible, dreadful, appalling, horrendous, dire, ruinous, gruesome, awful, miserable, wretched, unfortunate

13. Inflict ( verb )
আরোপ করা, শাস্তি দেয়া

strike, deliver, torture, impose, force, press, thrust, foist

14. Torture(verb, noun )
নিপীড়ন, অত্যাচার

torment, anguish, misery, oppression, maltreatment, punishment, persecution

15. Victor (noun )
Antonym: loser, vanquished

winner, champion, conqueror, vanquisher, prizewinner, medallist, cup winner, prizeman

16. Assume (verb )
ধারণা করা, দায়িত্ব গ্রহণ করা

presume, suppose, take on, presuppose, conjecture, surmise, conclude, come to the conclusion, deduce, reckon, reason, guess, imagine, think, fancy, accept, believe, understand

17. Bloodshed (verb )

killing, carnage, bloody affair

18. Agony ( noun)
মহাবেদনা, উৎকণ্ঠা
Antonym: ecstasy, rapture

suppressed pain, suffering, affliction, trauma, trouble, privation, misery, distress, grief, woe, wretchedness, heartbreak, heartache, pangs, throes

19. Crimson (adjective)
টকটকে লাল, রক্তিম বর্ণ

scarlet, reddish, red,


20. Enslave (verb)
দাস  বানিয়ে রাখা, ক্রীতদাস করা
Antonym: liberate, emancipate

subjugate, sell into slavery, defeat, enfetter, overwhelm

21. Reins(noun )

bridle, restraint, check, curb, constraint, restriction, limitation, control

22. Assembly( noun )
সমাবেশ, বৈঠক, সংসদ
Antonym: dismantling, disassembly

gathering, meeting, congregation, convention, rally, convocation, congress, council, synod, audience, assemblage, turnout, group, body, crowd, throng, company

23. So far (adverbial )

until now, up to now, up to this point, as yet, thus far, hitherto, up to date, by this time

24. Observe( verb)
পালন করা, পর্যবেক্ষণ করা
Antonym: overlook, ignore

Synonym: notice, see, note, perceive, discern, remark, spot, detect, discover, distinguish, make out

25. Session( noun )

meeting, sitting, assembly, conclave, hearing,conference, discussion, forum, symposium

26. Negotiation ( noun )
আলাপ আলোচনা, সমঝোতা, চুক্তি
Antonym: provocation

discussion, discussions, talks, consultation, consultations, parleying, mediation, arbitration, intercession, conciliation

27. Slaughter (verb, noun )
জবাই করা, বধ করা
Antonym: save

kill, butcher, murder, massacre, rout, slay

28. Reign( noun, verb )
ক্ষমতা, রাজত্ব

supremacy, mastery, regime, rule, government, realm

29. Democracy (noun )
Antonym: tyranny, dictatorship

republic, constitutional government, popular government,self-government, government by the people, autonomy, commonwealth

30. Majority (noun)
Antonym: minority

dominance, larger number, greater number, greater part, major part, most, bulk, mass, predominance, generality, lion’s share

31. Hold( verb )
অনুষ্ঠিত করা, রাখা
Antonym: let go of 

lay, retain, maintain, bear, catch, tolerate, contain 

32. Instead ( adverb)
Antonym: as well

as an alternative, as a substitute, as a replacement, in lieu, alternatively rather, by contrast

33. Prorogue( verb )
 স্থগিত রাখা

adjourn, cease, break, defer, discontinue

34. Protest (verb, noun )
প্রতিবাদ করা
Antonym: agree

object, dissent, gainsay, contradict, challenge, contravention

35. Spontaneously( adverb )
Antonym: forcefully 



36. Firm (adjective)
অটল ,মজবুত ,অবিচল
Antonym: soft, yielding, unstable,limp, irresolute 

effortlessly, voluntarily, impulsively, extemporaneously, without cause



 resolute, determined, decided, resolved, steadfast,adamant, assertive, emphatic, insistent, unfaltering, unwavering, unflinching,                                                              unswerving, unyielding, unbending, inflexible, obdurate, obstinate, stubborn, intransigent

37. Determination ( noun )
:Antonym: weak-mindedness, pusillanimity 

resolution, resolve, resoluteness ,will power, strength of will, strength of character, single-mindedness, purposefulness, intentness, decision, decidedness 

38. Constitute ( verb )
গঠন করা

comprise, shape, inaugurate, initiate, establish,  found, create, set up, put in place, start, begin, originate, form, organize, develop 

39. External ( adjective )
বাহিরের, বহিরাগত
Antonym: internal 

outer, outside, outermost, outward, exterior, surface, superficial visible, extrinsic, extraneous 

40. Apparent(adjective )
প্রত্যক্ষ, দৃষ্টিমান, প্রতীয়মান
Antonym: unclear, obscure 

evident, plain, obvious, clear, manifest, visible, discernible, perceptible, perceivable, noticeable, detectable, recognizable, observable 


41. Wretched( adjective )
Antonym: comfortable, luxurious, cheerful,worthy, admirable

unlucky, woeful, harsh, hard, grim, stark, difficult,poor, poverty-stricken, impoverished, pitiful, piteous, pathetic, tragic, miserable, bleak, cheerless, hopeless, sorry, sordid, shabby

42. Downtrodden (adjective ) 
অধিকার বঞ্চিত, নিপীড়িত

oppressed, subjugated, persecuted, subdued, repressed, tyrannized, enslaved, burdened, exploited, disadvantaged, underprivileged, victimized, browbeaten, abused, misused, maltreated, ill-treated 

43. Mow (verb)
Antonym: blend 

cut, cut down, scythe, shear, trim crop, clip

44. Deprived (adjective)
বঞ্চিত করা:
Antonym: privileged

disadvantaged, underprivileged, poverty-stricken, impoverished, poor, destitute, needy, depressed, distressed, forlorn

45. Massacre (noun )

carnage, slaughter, butcher, murder, kill, annihilate, exterminate, decimate, kill off, wipe out, put to the sword 

46. Wade ( verb )
পা দিয়ে মাড়া দেওয়া

paddle, wallow, dabble, slop, squelch, trudge, plod

47. Spill(verb )
ঝরা, পতন

stream, pour, surge, swarm, flood, throng, crowd, mill

48. Although (conjunction )

in spite of, despite the fact that, notwithstanding the fact that, notwithstanding that, even though, even if, despite the possibility that, albeit, however, yet, but

49. Withdraw (verb )
প্রত্যাহার,ফিরিয়ে নেওয়া 
Antonym: insert, introduce, bring in, deposit

abolish, cancel, lift, raise, set aside, discontinue, end, stop, terminate, remove, reverse, revoke, rescind,  repeal, countermand, annul, void

50. Barracks (noun)
ছাউনী, ঘর

garrison, camp, encampment, depot, billet, quarters, fort, cantonment, guardhouse

51. Representative  (noun, adjective)
Antonym: unrepresentative

delegate, envoy, ambassador, deputy, courier, surrogate

52. Secretariat (noun)

office, bureau, registers, prefecture

53. Convent (noun )

priory, abbey, monastery, religious house, religious community, cloister

54. Fort ( noun)

fortress, castle, citadel, blockhouse, tower, turret, stronghold, redoubt, fortification, bastion

55. Confront ( verb )
মোকাবিলা করা
Antonym: avoid

challenge, oppose, resist, defy, beard, tackle, attack, assault

56. Indefinitely( adverb )
অনিদিষ্ট ভাবে, অনিশ্চিত ভাবে
Antonym: definitely

indeterminately, hesitantly, doubtfully, unspecifically

57. Magistracy (noun )
বিচারালয়, প্রমাণিক
Antonym: N.A

Synonym: Judiciary, Court

58. Revolt (verb, noun )
বিদ্রোহ করা
Antonym: obey 

rebel, insurgency, rebellion, rise up, take up arms, riot, mutiny, uprising, show resistance,oppose, resist, defy, disobey 

59. Hardship (noun )
Antonym: smoothness, pleasure

privation, deprivation, destitution, poverty, austerity, penury, want, need, neediness, beggary, impecuniousness, impecuniosity, distress,misfortune, suffering, affliction, trouble, pain, misery, wretchedness, tribulation, adversity, disaster, ruin, ruination, calamity

60. Direct (verb, adjective)
সরাসির, নির্দেশনা দেওয়া
Antonym: indirect, inverse 

operate, manage, conduct, lead straight, undeviating, unswerving shortest, quickest 

61. Standstill(noun )
Antonym: change 

halt, stalemate, deadlock, dead stop, stagnancy, unswerving, immobility 


62. Starve (verb )
ক্ষুধায় কাতরানো
Antonym: feed

famish, fast, bereave

63. Bother (verb )
মাথা ঘামানো, ঝামেলা করা 
Antonym: Ignore, Avoid

disturb, trouble, fret, worry, meddle, harass, molest, plague, beset, torment, nag, annoy, upset, irritate, vex, provoke

64. Anarchy (noun )
Antonym: government, order

lawlessness, disorder, chaos, nihilism, mobocracy, revolution, insurrection, riot, rebellion,disorganization, misrule, tumult, turmoil, mayhem, pandemonium

65. Taint (noun, verb )
Antonym: clean, disinfect

mark, scar, flaw, contaminate, pollute, adulterate, infect, blight, befoul, spoil, soil, ruin, destroy

66. Transmit (verb )
প্রেরণ করা, পাঠানো
Antonym: receive

transfer, pass on, send, communicate, convey, impart, channel, carry, bear, relay, dispatch, mediate disseminate, spread, circulate, diffuse, radiate

67. Suppress ( verb )
দমন করা, গোপন করা  
Antonym: express, submit, publicize,

subdue, put down, curb, defeat, conquer, vanquish, triumph over, repress, crush, quell, quash, squash, stamp out, overpower, extinguish, crack down

68. Martyr( verb, noun )
শহীদ, শহীদ করা

put to death, kill, martyrize, crucify

69. Wage (noun )
Antonym: undue 

pay, payment, remuneration, salary, emolument, fee, allowance, honorarium,income, revenue,yield, profit, gain, reimbursement, earnings

70. Chaos (noun)
Antonym: order, orderliness

disorder, disarray, disorganization, confusion, mayhem, bedlam, pandemonium, madness, havoc, turmoil, tumult, commotion, disruption, upheaval, furore, frenzy, uproar, hue and cry, babel, hurly-burly

71. Abroad (adverb )
Antonym: native, domestic

outdoor, oversea, away, foreign

72. Attempt(verb, noun )
চেষ্টা, পদক্ষেপ

try, strive, aim, venture, endeavour, seek, set out, effort, spare no effort

73. Wound (noun, verb )
Antonym: heal

injury, injure, hurt, mutilate, maim, lesion, cut, gash, tear, sore, graze, scratch, scrape, abrasion, bruise, contusion, trauma

74. Assist (verb )
সহেযোগিতা করা
Antonym: hinder, impede

help, aid, support, favour, abet, give assistance to, oblige, accommodate, serve

75. Mean ( noun)
উপায়, অর্থ প্রকাশ করা, মানে বোঝানো
Antonym: N.A

sake, behalfmoney, resources, capital, income, finance, funds, cash, the wherewithal, assets, bread, dibs, moolah, shekels, gelt, loot, oof, scratch, splosh

76. Relief(noun)
মুক্তি, ত্রাণ
Antonym: tension

remission, salvation, rescue, redemption, release, substitute, deputy, reserve, supply

77. Exterminate (verb )
দমন করা, বিনাশ করা
Antonym: create

Synonym: smash, ruin, destroy, annihilate, uproot, kill, put to death, slaughter, butcher, massacre, wipe out, chambers, ethnically cleanse, destroy, eliminate,

78. Appropriate (adjective)
Antonym: inappropriate, irrelevant

suitable, proper, fitting, apt, relevant, connected, pertinent, apposite, applicable, germane,  right, convenient, expedient, favourable, auspicious, propitious

79. Revolution ( noun )
বিপ্লব, আন্দোলন
Antonym: N.A

rebellion, revolt, insurrection, mutiny, uprising, rising, insurgence, insurgency, coup, overthrow, seizure of power, regime change, subversion, disorder, protest, strike 

80. Liberate (verb )
স্বাধীন করা, মুক্ত করা
Antonym: confine, enslave, subjugate

release, redeem, aquit, set free, free, release, let out, let go, discharge, set loose, save, rescue, unshackle, unfetter, unchain, untie, unmanacle, unbind

81. Emancipation(noun )
স্বাধীনতা, মুক্তি
Antonym: enslavement, slavery

liberation, freedom, independence, liberty, swaraj, salvation, release,unfettering, unshackling, unyoking

82. Community (noun )
সম্প্রদায়, সমাজ 
Antonym: isolation, difference

population, society, citizenry, public, collective,nation, state, country, realm, commonwealth, homeland

83. Possession(noun )
Antonym: N.A

ownership, proprietorship, property, belongings, claim, control, charge, hold, title, guardianship


Nelson Mandela: HSC English First Part : (Word meaning)

1. Apartheid 

Meaning:  বর্ণবৈষম্য, বর্ণবাদ, জাতিবিদ্বেষ

Part of speech: noun (mass noun) 

Synonym: Segregation, Race-hatred 

Antonym: Indiscrimination 

2. Shackle 

Meaning:বাধা, হাতকড়া, শিকল 

Part of speech: Noun, Verb (with obj) 

Synonym: chain, fetter, obstacle 

Antonym: free, 

3. Reconciliation 

Meaning: সমন্বয় সাধন, পুনর্মিলন, সময় সাধন, মিটমাট 

Part of speech: Noun 

Synonym: reunion, conciliation, reconcilement 

Antonym: estrangement, alienation 

4. Embody 

Meaning: বহন করা, ধারণ করা, সংগত করা 

Part of speech: verb 

Synonym: personify, incorporate, incarnate, give human form to, symbolize Antonym: discarnate, dissimilate 

5. Imprison 

Meaning: অবরুদ্ধ করা, কারারুদ্ধ করা 

Part of speech: verb 

Synonym: incarcerate, jail, confine, detain, hold captive, put behind the bar Antonym: free, release 

6. Resolve 

Meaning: সমাধান 

Part of speech: noun, verb 

Synonym: determination, resoluteness, settle, solve 

Antonym: irresoluteness 

7. Emancipation 

Meaning: শৃঙ্খলা-মাচন, স্বাধীনতা 

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: liberation, salvation, redemption 

Antonym: enslavement, slavery, restriction 

8. Determined 

Meaning: দৃঢ় প্রতিজ্ঞা,  নির্ধারণ করা 

Part of speech: Adjective, verb 

Synonym: resolute, resolved, adamant, unwavering 

Antonym: irresolute, weak-willed, pusillanimous 

9. Minority

Meaning: সংখ্যা লঘু, লঘুতা 

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: smaller number, dissent 

Antonym: majority 

10. Discrimination 

Meaning:  বৈষম্য,  ভেদাভেদ 

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: prejudicial treatment, disparity, difference Antonym: Equality, parity 

11. Intensely 

Meaning: তীব্রভাবে

Part of speech: adverb 

Synonym: extremely, vehemently, bitterly 

Antonym: lightly, softly 

12. Manifestation 

Meaning: প্রকাশ, বাস্তবায়ন, উদ্ভাস, 

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: exposition, demonstration exhibition, illustration, revelation Antonym: 

12. Chasm 

Meaning: ফাটল,গভির খাদ 

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: fissure, gorge, fracture, cleft, 

cavity, gap, crevice 


13. Healing 

Meaning: আরোগ্য, নিরাময় 

Part of speech: noun, (but verb in general) 

Synonym: medication, cure, remedy, recovery, recover Antonym: deterioration 

14. Wound 

Meaning: খত, আঘাত, জখম 

Part of speech: noun, verb 

Synonym: bruise, injury, sore, lesion, hurt, injure 

Antonym: heal 

15. Negotiate 

Meaning: মীমাংসা করা, দরাদরি করা 

Part of speech: verb 

Synonym: arbitrate, discuss terms, compromise, bargain Antonym: 

16. Prominent 

Meaning: বিশিষ্ঠ, উল্লেখযোগ্য

Part of speech: adjective

Synonym: important, eminent, distinguished, notable, noteworthy, renowned, acclaimed, esteemed 

Antonym: unimportant, obscure, unknown 

17. Dignity 

Word meaning: মর্যাদা, সান, গৗরব 

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: stature, honor, nobleness, nobility, majesty, regality, loftiness, grandeur, magnificence 

Antonym: ignominy, low rank, dishonor 

18. Advocate 

Word meaning: প্রতিনিধ, সমর্থক, উকিল 

Part of speech: noun, verb 

Synonym: upholder, supporter, promoter, patron 

Antonym: critic, reject 

19. Remain 

Word meaning: অবশিষ্ট,  বাকি পড়ে থাকা 

Part of speech: verb 

Synonym: continue to exist, endure, persist, stay,live on 

Antonym: cease to exist, depart, leave 

20. Laureate 

Meaning: রাজকবি,  প্রসিদ্ধ, বিজয়ী 

Part of speech: noun, adjective 

Synonym: celebrated 


21. Mythic 

Meaning: অতিমানিবক, পৗরাণিক,মনগড়া, কাল্পনিক

Part of speech: adjective 

Synonym: legendary, mythical, fictitious, imaginary 

Antonym: real, factual, 

22. Stature 

Meaning: খ্যাতি, মর্যাদা, দৈহিক উচ্চতা 

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: dignity, nobility respect, importance, 

Antonym: disgrace, ignominy 

23. Revered 

Meaning: সম্মানিত

Part of speech: adjective, verb 

Synonym: respected, admired, adored, glorified, worshipped, think highly of someone Antonym: despised, disrespected 

24. Combine 

Meaning: মিলিত করা, এক করা 

Part of speech: verb 

Synonym: amalgamate, assemble, unite, integrate,fuse, blend, mingle, unify, mix,

Antonym: separate, split up, differentiate 

25. Sparkle 

Meaning: সজীব, সজীবতা,ঝকঝকে

Part of speech: noun, verb 

Synonym: lustre, glitter, glint, glisten, twinkle, flicker, flash, blink, wink, shimmer, shine, gleam Antonym: dark 

26. Unwavering 

Meaning: অবিচল, বাধাহীন, অটল 

Part of speech: adjective, verb 

Synonym: steady, resolute, resolved, firm, steadfast, unswerving, unfluctuating, unfaltering, persistent, unyielding, unshakeable 

Antonym: wavering, unsteady, indecisive 

27. Epicenter 

Meaning: উপকেন্দ্র 

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: epicentre 


28. Remark 

Meaning: মন্তব্য করা, উেল্লেখ করা 

Part of speech: verb, noun 

Synonym: comment, observe, mention, reflect, state, declare, notice 


29. Offence 

Meaning: অপরাধ, পাপ, অবমাননা 

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: crime, unlawful act, breach of the law, violation of the law, felony, misconduct, delinquency, peccadillo, sin, transgression, infringement, shortcoming, fault, lapse Antonym: Defense, defence 

30. Dock 

Meaning: কাঠগরা, ফিরঘাট 

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: witness box, barrier 


31. Dedicate 

Meaning: উৎসর্গকরা, নিবেদিত করা, সমর্পণ করা 

Part of speech: verb, adjective 

Synonym: commit, devote, offer, sacrifice, devout 

Antonym: indifferent, apathetic, uncommitted 

32. Cherish 

Meaning: লালন করা, স্নেহ করা, 

Part of speech: verb 

Synonym: adore, love, feel great affection for, dote on, admire, protect 

Antonym: neglect, abandon

33. Democratic 

word meaning: গণতান্ত্রিক

Part of speech: adjective 


Antonym: undemocratic 

34. Harmony 

Meaning: সাদৃশ্য , সমন্বয়, মিল, ঐকতান 

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: accord, agreement, coherence, congruence, euphony, consonance, mellifluousness Antonym: dissonance, disagreement 

35. Opportunity 

Meaning: সুযোগ, সুবিধা

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: possibility, scope, chance, convenience, advantage 

Antonym: inconvenience 

36. Achieve 

Meaning: অর্জন করা 

Part of speech: verb 

Synonym: accomplish, acquire, attain, reach, arrive at, obtain, secure, seize Antonym: lose. fail 

37. Laud,  

Meaning: প্রশংসা করা, গুণকীতন করা 

Part of speech: verb 

Synonym: praise, glorify, applause, admire 

Antonym: denigrate, condemn 

38. Fondly 

Meaning: কামলভােব, স্নেহে

Part of speech: adverb 

Synonym: affectionately, tenderly 

Antonym: uncaringly 

39. Clan 

Meaning: বংশ, জািত, গোষ্ঠী

Part of speech: noun 

Synonym: tribe, group, race, community 


40. Multi-racial 

Meaning: বহুজাতিক 

Part of speech: adjective 

Synonym: diversified 

Antonym: mono-racial 

41. Stigma 

Meaning: দাগ, কালি

Part of Speech: noun

Synonym: stain, a mark of disgrace Antonym: honour

What is a dream? : HSC English First Part : (Word meaning)

প্রিয় পাঠক, What is a Dream নামে তোমাদের English For Today বইয়ে এ অন্তর্ভুক্ত অধ্যায় রয়েছে।  আসো, অধ্যায়টির Word Meanings আমরা পড়ে নিই :

What is A Dream – Word Meanings, Synonyms and Antonyms



What is A Dream : Activities 1 and 2

1. Dream (noun )
স্বপ্ন, কল্পনা, কামনা
ntonym: reality, nightmare

fantasy, fancy, vision, hallucination, fallacy

2. Imagination ( noun)
Antonym: reality, fact

fantasy, fancy, visualization, supposition creativity, imaginativeness, creativeness, vision, inspiration, fascination

3. Nightmare (noun)
Antonym: dream

bad dream, night terrors

4. Reverie ( noun )
দিবাস্বপ্ন, কল্পনা
Antonym: fact, reality

daydream, fantasy, drowsiness, fancy, hallucination, obliviousness, absent-mindednes

5. Hallucination (noun)
Antonym: reality

delusion, illusion, vision, mirage, fantasy, daydream

6. Shadowy ( adjective )
ছায়াময়, আবছায়া
Antonym: bright, sunny, distinct, clear

misty, nebulous, dark, dim, gloomy, murky, shady, shaded, blur sunless

7. Silvery ( adjective )
রূপালী, চকচকে
Antonym: dull, chromatic

shining, Argentine

8. Dreamy (adjective)
স্বপ্নময়, ক্ষনস্থায়ী, স্বপ্ন স্বপ্ন ভাব
Antonym: ordinary

visionary, cursory, daydreaming, imaginary, delusive, impractical

9. Haunting ( adjective)
ভূতুরে, হানা দেত্তয়া
Antonym: unaffecting, unmemorable

evocative, affecting, moving, touching, soul-stirring, frequenting

10. Dreamer (noun)
যে স্বপ্ন দেখে
Antonym: realist

fantasist, fantasizer, daydreamer, romantic, sentimentalist

11. Fragments ( noun )
টুকরো, কনিকা, ক্ষুদ্র অংশ, খণ্ড
Antonym: chunk

piece, bit, particle, speck, chip, shard, sliver, splinter, shaving, paring, snippet, scrap, offcut, flake, shred, tatter, wisp, morsel

What is A Dream : Activity 3 : 1st Section

12. Fascinate ( verb )
 মুগ্ধ করা, বিমোহিত করা
Antonym: repel, thwart

enthrall, captivate, beguile, bewitch, enrapture, entrance, transfix, mesmerize, hypnotize, spellbind, compel, allure, tempt, entice, tantalize, charm, attract, delight, entertain, amuse

13. Philosopher (noun)
Antonym: realist, 

thinker, theorist, theorizer, theoretician, philosophizer, metaphysicist, epistemologist, logician, speculator, scholar, intellectual, sage, wise man

14. Empirical (adjective)
গবেষণামূলক, অভিজ্ঞতালব্ধ
Antonym: theoretical

experimental, pragmatic, observed, seen, factual, actual, real, verifiable, first-hand, experiential

15. Wonder (noun)
বিস্ময়, আশ্চর্য, আবাক করা
Antonym: abhor, dislike

marvel, admiration, fascination, surprise, astonishment, amazement

16. Puzzling (adjective, verb)
হতবুদ্ধিকর, গোলমেলে
Antonym: enlightening, straightforward

perplexing, confusing, vexatious, baffling


What is A Dream : Activity 3 : 2nd Section

17. Vivid (adjective)
স্পষ্ট, প্রাণবন্ত
Antonym: dull, washed out, vague, boring

bright, bright-coloured, colourful, brilliant, glowing, radiant, vibrant, strong, bold, deep, intense, warm, flaming, flamboyant, glaring, eye-catching

18. Vague (adjective)
Antonym: clear, precise, clear, certain, organized

indistinct, indefinite, indeterminate, unclear, hazy, cloudy, fuzzy, misty, lacking definition, blurred, blurry, murky, foggy, faint, shadowy, dim, obscure, nebulous, shapeless, formless, unformed, amorphous

19. Frightening (adjective)
Antonym: comforting

terrifying, horrifying, alarming, startling, shocking, chilling, spine-chilling, hair-raising, blood-curdling, appalling, disturbing, disconcerting, unnerving, intimidating, daunting, dismaying, upsetting, harrowing, traumatic


What is A Dream : Activity 3 : 3rd Section

20. Purpose (noun)
Antonym: indifference, irrelevant

motive, motivation, grounds, cause, impetus, occasion, reason, point, basis, justification

21. Serve (verb)
সেবা করা, আদায় করা
Antonym: receive

work for, perform, obey, attend, distribute

22. Baffling ( adjective )
বিভ্রান্তিকর, ধোঁয়াটে
Antonym: clear, comprehensible

puzzling, bewildering, perplexing, mystifying, bemusing, confusing, unclear, mysterious, enigmatic, obscure, abstruse, unfathomable, inexplicable, incomprehensible, impenetrable, cryptic, opaque

23. Consider ( verb )
বিবেচনা করা
Antonym: ignore

think, contemplate, reflect on, examine, appraise, review, study, ponder, deliberate over, cogitate, meditate on, ruminate

24. Unraveling (verb)
উন্মোচিত করা ,স্পষ্ট করা
Antonym: entangle, tangle

untangle, disentangle, straighten out, separate out, unsnarl, unknot, unwind, untwist, untie, unjumble

25. Exact (adjective)
নিদিষ্ট , সঠিক
:Antonym: inexact, inaccurate, careless

precise, accurate, correct, faithful, close, true, veracious, literal, strict, unerring, faultless, errorless, error-free, perfect, impeccable


What is A Dream : Activity 3 : 4th Section

26. Prominent (adjective)
উল্লেখযোগ্য, লক্ষনীয়, বিশিষ্ট
Antonym: unimportant, obscure, unknown, inconspicuous

important, well known, leading, eminent, pre-eminent, distinguished, notable, noteworthy, public, outstanding, foremost, illustrious, celebrated, famous, renowned, acclaimed, famed, honoured, esteemed, respected, influential, prestigious, great, chief, main

27. Theories ( noun )
Antonym: in practice, in reality

hypothesis, thesis, conjecture, supposition, speculation, postulation, proposition, premise, surmise, assumption, guess


What is A Dream : Activity 3 : 5th Section

28. Consistent (adjective)
সামঞ্জস্যপূর্ণ, দৃঢ়
Antonym: inconsistent, irregular, fluctuating, incompatible

steady, stable, constant, regular, even, uniform, orderly, unchanging, unvarying, unswerving, undeviating, unwavering, unfluctuating, homogeneous

29. Psychoanalytic (adjective)
Antonym: Not Applicable

Not Applicable

30. Perspective (noun)
Antonym:  Not Applicable

outlook, aspects, view, viewpoint, point of view, standpoint, position, stand, stance, attitude, approach, way of looking, interpretation

31. Motivation ( noun )
অনুপ্রেরনা, প্রেরনা
Antonym:  Not Applicable

inspiration, incentive, stimulus, dictation, stimulation,  impulse, inducement, incitement, spur, goad, provocation

32. Aggressive (adjective)
উগ্র, আক্রমণাত্মক
Antonym: meek, friendly, peaceful, submissive, diffident

hostile, belligerent, bellicose, antagonistic, truculent, pugnacious, combative, violent, confrontational, quarrelsome, argumentative

33. Instincts ( noun )
Antonym: deduction

proneness, propensity, natural tendency, inclination, urge, drive, compulsion, intuition

34. Repressed (adjective)
অবদমিত, চেপে রাখা হয়
Antonym: free, democratic, overt, expressed, uninhibited, relaxed

oppressed, subjugated, subdued, tyrannized, afflicted, downtrodden, persecuted, quelled


What is A Dream : Activity 3 : 6th Section

35. According (to) (adjective)
মত, অনুসারে
Antonym: discordant

following, similar

36. Desire (noun, verb)
Antonym: hate, disgust

(v.) wish, want, fancy

(n.) aspiration, impulse, preference, yearning, longing, craving, hankering, pining, eagerness, enthusiasm, determination,  proclivity, predisposition, fancy

37. Conscious (adjective)
Antonym: unconscious, unaware

aware, awake, alert, responsive, reactive, feeling, sentient

38. Via ( proposition )
Antonym:  Not Applicable

en route, through, by

39. Disguised (adjective)
ছদ্ম, জাল , সাজানো
Antonym: overt, open , ostensible

feigned, camouflaged, concocted, forged, faked  incognito, under cover

40. Fulfillment (noun)
Antonym: emptiness, void

completion, fullness, completeness, congestion


What is A Dream :  Activity 3 : 7th Section with all its sub-sections

41. Contribute ( verb )
অবদান রাখা
Antonym: refuse,misconduct

give, donate, help, subscribe, grant, bestow, present, gift, accord

42. Path  ( noun )
Antonym:  Not Applicable

way, road, course, route, street, footpath, pathway,  track, trail, walkway, passage

43. Theorist (noun)
তত্ত্ববিদ, তাত্ত্বিক
Antonym:  Not Applicable

thinker, theorizer, theoretician, philosophizer, metaphysicist, epistemologist, dialectician, logician, speculator, scholar,intellectual, learned person, sage, wise man

44. Interpretation (noun)
Antonym: problem, difficulty, text

explanation, illustration, elucidation, expounding, exposition, explication, exegesis, clarification

45. Generate (verb)
উৎপাদন করা , সৃষ্টি করা
Antonym: destroy, shatter

create, produce, cause, raise,  result in, make, initiate, engender, spawn, originate, bring to pass, precipitate

46. Instead ( adverb )
Antonym:  Not Applicable

as an alternative, as a substitute, as a replacement, in lieu, alternatively, rather, by contrast,

47. Cognitive ( adjective )
জ্ঞান সম্বন্ধনীয়
Antonym:  Not Applicable


48. Element ( noun )
Antonym: total, mass

component, constituent, material part, section, portion, piece, segment, bit, factor, feature, facet, ingredient, strand, detail, point

49. Produce (verb)
উৎপন্ন করা
Antonym: spoil, destroy

manufacture, make, construct, yield, build, generate, propagate, assemble, create

50. Stimuli ( noun )
উত্তেজনা , উদ্দীপক বস্তু
Antonym: deterrent, discouragement

stimulus, spur, stimulant, encouragement, impetus, boost, prompt, prod, incentive, inducement, inspiration, motivation, impulse

51. Content ( noun, verb )
প্রষঙ্গ, বিষয় বস্তু, পরিমাণ
Antonym: discontent

subject matter, amount, proportion, quantity, bulk

52. Metaphor (noun)
রুপক, উপমা, অলংকারবিশেষ
Antonym: fact, history

figurative expression, image, trope, allegory, parable, immplied simile, analogy, comparison, symbol, a figure of speech

53. Clutter ( noun )
আর্বজনা, এলোমেলো অবস্থা
Antonym: unclutter

chaos, disorder, mess, noise, confusion

54. Function (noun)
কাজ, কার্যালাপ
Antonym: malfunction

act, deed, purpose, task, use, role, reason, basis, justification

55. Psychotherapy (noun)
সম্মোহন, মনঃসমীক্ষণ প্রভৃতির দ্বারা রোগ নিরাময় বিদ্যা
Antonym: Not Applicable

Mental treatment





The Lake Isle of Innisfree by Y. B. Yeats

The Lake Isle of Innisfree by Y. B. Yeats

Theme of the Poem

প্রিয় শিক্ষার্থী বন্ধু, এই মডেল Theme গুলো কখনোই মুখস্ত করার জন্য নয়। বরং কবিতাটির Theme বুঝার জন্য। তুমি পরীক্ষায় লেখার জন্য অবশ্যই এগুলো মুখস্ত করবে না, বরং, এগুলো পড়ে নিজের মত করে একটি লিখবে। প্রয়োজনে, বাসায় নিজের মত করে লিখে সেটি শিক্ষককে দেখাবে। তারপর সেটি সংশোধন করে পরীক্ষায় লিখবে। কিন্তু কখনোই, অন্যের লেখা হুবহু লিখবে না। এতে তোমার মেধা বিকাশের পথ শুরুতেই রুদ্ধ হয়ে যাবে। The Lake Isle of Innisfree by Y. B. Yeats এর কয়েকটি Theme নিচে দেয়া হল।

Model Theme 1 (Level : Easily Suitable for Most HSC Students)

The main theme of the poem is the poet’s longing for peace and tranquility. The poet wants to go to Innisfree, a place devoid of the chaos and commotion of daily life. He wants to be in touch with nature to achieve the peace and calmness he desires. And he is certain that he will be able to lead a peaceful life being in touch with nature if he lives alone in Innisfree. He prefers nature to city to live in because he knows that only nature can bring peace and harmony to man. That is why the poet wants to escape from city life to Innisfree, a peaceful and beautiful place, and build his dream home there.

written by M.Ghaji

Model Theme 2 (Level : Undergraduate or High Performing HSC Students)

The main theme of the poem is the speaker’s quest for unruffled serenity in the lap of nature. The speaker desires to live in a small hut near the lake isle of Innisfree abandoning the troubling bustles of city life. Since nature has profuse healing power, he wants to turn his turbulent heart into a peaceful one, being in touch with every object of nature- from buzzing bees to fluttering birds. The tranquil aura and the enshrouded beauty of the lake will bring long-cherished peace to his disturbed soul. The desire to attain this exhilarating calmness is so intense in him that the sound of the lake whispers into the speaker’s heart. At the time of trouble, he revives past memories of the lake he has in his heart to get utmost consolation.

written by Night-in-Gale

To know about the poet William Butler Yeats click here.

HSC First Paper পরীক্ষার জন্য English For Today (Class 11-12) বইয়ের আরো কবিতার theme পড়তে ক্লিক কর এখানে।.