Summary of ‘The Luncheon’ by William Somerset Maugham

The Luncheon

(A model  Summary of the short story ‘The Luncheon’ by W. S. Maugham has been shared below. The story is taken as adapted in English For Today for Classes 11 & 12 by NCTB for the Higher Secondary students of Bangladesh)

Summary of the The Luncheon by W. S. Maugham

‘The Luncheon’, a charming short story of W.S. Maugham premises upon a restaurant visit by the narrator twenty years ago, in reception of a lady assumed to be an admirer of his arts. The narrator again hits upon the lady in a theatre later on and recalls the past story in his mind, while a formal conversation takes place between them.

The narrator recalls that he has been a bachelor residing in Paris, when the persuasive letter from the lady comes, proposing a lunchtime meet-up in the elite “Foyot’s” restaurant on her journey across the city. For the sake of their previous acquaintance through letters, the narrator could not deny the luring proposal. Although, he gets astonished later on to discover her as a woman of forty, imposing to be younger.
Just before their date, he has eighty francs for his all monthly expenses, and a modest lunch also should not cost more than fifteen. Moreover, the lady’s repetitive words “I never eat anything for lunch” give him enough hope at their arrival to the restaurant. But uttering these same words again and again the lady chooses costly salmon as the main dish, and other pricey items like caviar, champagne, asparagus etc. as side dishes. Ironically, she kept rebuking him for the cheapest mutton chop he has chosen, as an unhealthy choice.

This embarrasment from the lady leaves him totally penurious and suffering fianacially, as he possesses nothing to afford the rest of the month.

At last the author observes that the harrasments she has done on that day, though has made him suffer inescapably for the time, but has been revenged by the immortal gods on behalf of him. As the lady has now become morbidly obese weighing twenty one stones, it gives the narrator a complaisant satisfaction to observe her sufferings these days.

বাংলাদেশের HSC (এইচ.এস.সি.) পরীক্ষার্থীদের জন্য বলব, প্রথমত তোমাদের বইয়ে W. S. Maugham এর লেখা পুরো গল্পটি দেয়া নেই। দ্বিতীয়ত, তোমাদের পরীক্ষায় বইয়ে দেয়া পুরো The Luncheon গল্পটির উপরও summary লিখতে আসবে না, বরং, গল্পের একটি নির্দিষ্ট অংশ প্রশ্নে তুলে দিয়ে সেখান থেকে আসবে, এবং তা ৫০ শব্দের মধ্যেই লিখতে হবে । কাজেই তোমরা এই পুরো গল্পের summaryটি মাথায় রাখলেও, অবশ্যই যতটুকু তুলে দেয়া থাকবে প্রশ্নে, ততটুকুর summary লিখবে। নইলে হুবহু মুখস্ত করে তুলে দিলে শূণ্য পাবার সম্ভাবনাও উড়িয়ে দেয়া যায় না ।

Eating Habit and Hazards – The Luncheon : Word Meanings



1. Habit (noun)
স্বভাব, অভ্যাস
Antonym: inexperience, dishabituation

practice, custom, pattern, routine, style, convention, policy, way, manner, mode, norm, tradition, rule, tendency, propensity, inclination, bent, proclivity, proneness, disposition, predisposition

2. Hazards  (noun)
বিপত্তি, বিরুপ প্রভাব, ঝুঁকি
Antonym: security, protection 

danger, risk, peril, threat, menace,difficulty, problem, pitfall, jeopardy, perilousness, endangerment, imperilment

3. Playwright  (noun)
Antonym: Not Applicable

dramatist, dramaturgist

4. Lucid  (noun)
সহজবোধ্য,  স্পষ্ট
Antonym: confused, delirious, incoherent, vague

transparent, clear, crystalline, colourless, diaphanous, immaculate, coherent

5. Admire  (verb)
প্রশংসা করা, তারিফ করা
Antonym: condemn, vilify, defame, disapprove of, loathe

applaud, praise, commend, approve of, favor, appreciate respect, hold in high esteem,
compliment, speak highly of

6. Luncheon (noun)
 মধ্যাহ্নভোজ, দুপুরেরখাবার
Antonym: Not Applicable

lunch, a formal lunch

7. Humor (noun)
মেজাজ, কৌতুকরস
Antonym: seriousness

mood, temper, disposition, temperament, state of mind, spirit

8.Irony (noun)
পরিহাস, বিদ্রুপ
Antonym: sincerity, logic 

sarcasm, sardonicism, cynicism, sharpness, acerbity, acid, bitterness, trenchancy, mordancy,

9. Lavish (adjective)
অতিরিক্ত খরচ করার প্রবণতা, টাকা উড়ানো, উদারচিত্ত
Antonym: meager, frugal, mean, scant

sumptuous, luxurious, luxuriant, costly, opulent, grand, elaborate, splendid, rich, regal, ornate, expensive

10. Expense (noun, verb)
খরচ, ব্যায়
Antonym: Income

cost, price, expenditure charge, outlay, fee, tariff, toll, levy, payment, amount, rate

11. Sight (noun)
দর্শন, নজর, দৃষ্টি
Antonym: oversight, invisibility

eyesight, vision, come into view, visual perception, observation

12. Beckon (noun, verb)
ইশারা, সংকেত দেয়া, ইঙ্গিতকরা
Antonym: Not Applicable

gesture, signal, wave, gesticulate, make a gesture, motion, nod, call

13.Interval (noun)
Antonym: continuity

intermission, interlude, entr’acte, interim, break, recess, pause, gap

14. Mention (verb)
উল্লেখ করা
Antonym: conceal, hide

allude to, refer to, touch on, hint at, raise, introduce

15. Hardly ( adverb )
কদাচিৎ, কষ্টকর, কঠিনভাবে
Antonym: fully, regularly

scarcely, barely, faintly, narrowly, slightly, rarely, little

16. Recognize ( verb )
চিনতে পারা, স্বীকার করা
Antonym: forget, overlook

identify, acknowledge, remember, recall, recollect, call to mind

17. Address (verb, noun)
সম্বোধন, পরিচয় করা
Antonym: avoid

evoke, summon, accost , speech, locatio

18. Brightly ( adverb )
Antonym: palely

glaringly, lively

19. Overlook (verb)
উপেক্ষা করা, মার্জনা করা, উচুহতে পর্যবেক্ষণ করা
Antonym: spot, notice, punish

ignore, miss, fail to notice, fail to observe, leave unnoticed, forgive, observe


20. Cemetery ( noun )
গোরস্থান, সমাধিকেন্দ্র
Antonym: Not Applicable

graveyard, churchyard, burial ground, garden of remembrance, bone-yard, tomb

21. Barely (adverb)
কোনমতে, কেবলমাত্র
Antonym: easily

hardly, scarcely, just, only just, narrowly, by a very small margin, by the narrowest of margins

22. Presently (adverb)
Antonym: pastly

at present, currently, at this moment, nowadays, these days, today

23. Afterwards (adverb)
ভবিষ্যতে, পরে
Antonym: before

later, later on, subsequently, then, after that, following that, next, eventually, after a period of time, in due course

24. Beyond ( preposition )
বহুদূরে, ব্যতীত, দূরে
Antonym: near, close, within

far, outside, the farther side of, behind, past, after, out of

25. Flatter (verb)
তোষামোদ করা, চাটুকারিতা করা, পটানো, পটে যাওয়া
Antonym: disparage, disdain

eulogize, false praise, persuade

26. Modest (adjective)
Antonym: immodest, impolite, boastful, conceited, grand ,grandiose, flamboyant 

polite, decent, gentle, moderate, unpretentious, humble, unpresuming, unostentatious, free from vanity, keeping, 

shy, bashful, timid, reserved, retiring, media-shy, reticent, quiet, coy, blushing, meek, docile, mild, apologetic

27. Cut out (verb)
বাদ দেওয়া
Antonym: add

exclude, eliminate, rule out

28. Correspondence (noun)
পত্র বিনময় করে
Antonym: Not Applicable

29. Appearance (noun)
আবির্ভাব, উপস্থিতি
Antonym: disappearance, departure 

letter, mail, post, communication, similarity 

advent, presence, arrival, emergence, look, countenance, mien

30. Imposing (adjective)
মনোরম, প্রতারণাপূর্ণ
Antonym: unimposing, modest

deceptive, insidious, impressive in appearance, eye-catching, dramatic, spectacular, staggering, stunning, awesome, awe-inspiring, remarkable, formidable,splendid, grand, majestic, august, lofty, stately, dignified, resplendent

31. Rather (adverb)
বরং, ইহা অপেক্ষা বরং
Antonym: Not Applicable

more precisely, to be precise, to be exact, correctly speaking

32. Impression (noun)
প্রভাব, ছাপ
Antonym: Not Applicable

impact, influence, mark, reputation, suspicion, apprehension

33. Talkative (adjective)
Antonym: taciturn, reticent 

chatty, loquacious, garrulous, voluble, conversational, gossipy, chattery, chattering,communicative

34. Inclined (adjective)
উৎসাহ, আগ্রহপূর্ণ, ইচ্ছুক
Antonym:disinclined, unlikely 

disposed, desirous, enthusiastic, minded, willing, ready, prepared predisposed

35. Attentive (adjective)
Antonym: inattentive,inconsiderate

alert, awake, watchful, observant, perceptive, percipient, aware, noticing, heedful, mindful, vigilant, on guard, on the qui vive

36. Startle (verb)
হকচকিয়ে উঠা, চমকানো, আঁতেক ওঠা
Antonym: put at ease

surprise, frighten, scare, alarm, shock, amaze, perturb, unsettle, agitate, disturb, disconcert, disquiet

37. Anticipate (verb)
ধারণা করা,অনুমান করা
Antonym: lag behind, dread

expect, foresee, predict, forecast, prophesy, foretell, contemplate the possibility of, allow for, be prepared for

38. Generously (adverb)
উদার ভাবে
Antonym: greedily

kindly, magnanimously, benignantly

39. Caviare ( noun )
একপ্রকার মাছের ডিম
Antonym: Not Applicable

Not Applicable

40. Sink (p. Sank) [verb]
চমকানো, ধক ধক করা, ডুবে যাওয়া
Antonym: float

succumb, immerse, drown


41. Afford (verb)
সামর্থ্য থাকা
Antonym: unbearable

bear, sustain, stand, carry

42. Unwise (adjective)
মুর্খতাপূর্ণ, অবিবেচক, বোকামি
Antonym: wise, sensible

foolish, thoughtless, injudicious, goofy, ill-advised, imprudent

43. Promptly (adverb)
চটপট, তৎক্ষণাৎ
Antonym: late , slowly

instantaneously, quickly, swiftly, rapidly, speedily, fast, as soon as possible, ASAP, expeditiously 

at once, immediately, straight away, right away, without delay, without hesitation, forthwith, directly, instantly, instaby unhesitatingly

44. Proceed (verb)
অগ্রসর হওয়া, চলতে থাকা
Antonym: stop, discontinue

continue, begin, make a start, get going, move, go on, make progress

45. Digestion (noun)
হজম, পরিপাক
Antonym: indigestion

dissolution,assimilation, absorption, ingestion

46. Hospitable (adjective)
অতিথিপরায়ণ, বন্ধুত্বপূর্ণ
Antonym: inhospitable, unfriendly

welcoming, friendly, congenial, genial, sociable, convivial, cordial, gracious, amicable, amenable, helpful, accommodating, neighbourly, warm-hearted, kind, kind-hearted, generous, liberal, bountiful, open-handed

47. Effusive (adjective)
প্রবল ভাবে আবেগ প্রকাশ
Antonym: restrained

gushy, unrestrained, unreserved, extravagant, fulsome, demonstrative, lavish, enthusiastic, exuberant, ebullient

48. Amicable (adjective)
Antonym: unfriendly, hostile

friendly, good-natured, cordial, hospitable, courteous, polite, easy-going, neighbourly, brotherly, fraternal, harmonious, cooperative, civilized

49.Trifle (noun)
তুচ্ছ পরিমাণ, অল্প
Antonym: great amount, crucial

unimportant, unimportant thing, trivial matter, trivial thing, triviality, matter of no importance, thing of no importance, bagatelle, inessential

50. Pale (adjective)
ম্লান, বিবর্ণ, ফেকাশে
Antonym: bright, vivid

faded , flabby, discoloured, bleak, white, tarnished

51. Casually (adverb)
উদ্দেশ্যহীনভাবে, আকস্মিক ভাবে
Antonym: carefully

vainly, miraculously, without purpose

52. Forbidden (adjective)
Antonym: permitted, legal

prohibited, banned, debarred, vetoed, not allowed, disallowed, illegal, impermissible, not acceptable, unauthorized, unsanctioned

53. Gaily (adverb)
ফূর্তিতে, সানন্দে
Antonym: miserably, sombrely,anxiously

merrily, cheerfully, cheerily, happily, joyfully, joyously, light-heartedly, blithely, jauntily, gleefully, with pleasure

54. Task (noun)
কর্মভার চাপানো, কাজ
Antonym: leisure

job, duty, chore, charge, labour, assignment, function, engagement, exercise. 

55. Wave (verb)
ইশারা করা, ঢেউ
Antonyms: Not Applicable

beckon, sign, gesture

56. Gesture (noun)
অঙ্গভঙ্গি করা
Antonym: Not Applicable

signal, posture, sign, hint, make a gesture, motion, wave, indicate, gesticulate

57. Conversation (noun)
আলাপ আলোচনা, কথোপকথন
Antonym: speech, oration

discussion, colloquy, talk, chat, gossip, head-to-head, exchange, dialogue, parley, conference

58. Horribly ( adverb )
ভয়াবহ, ভয়ংকরভাবে
Antonym: pleasantly, slightly

dreadfully, terribly

59. Often (adverb )
Antonym: seldom, rarely, never

frequently, many times, many a time, on numerous occasions, a lot, in many cases,repeatedly, again and again, time and again, over and over again, regularly, recurrently, continually, usually, habitually, commonly, generally, ordinarily,

60. Asparagus (noun)
শতমূলী, সবজি বিশেষ
Antonym: Not Applicable

Not Applicable


61. Giant (adjective, noun)
দৈত্য আকৃতির, বিশাল,
Antonym: tiny, miniature

huge, gigantic, monstrous, prodigious, demon

62. Watered (verb)
লালা ঝরা
Antonym: plain

dribble​, slaver, water

63. Priest ( noun )
ধর্মযাজক, পন্ডিত
Antonym: layman

clergyman, clergywoman, minister of religion, cleric, ecclesiastic, pastor, parson, churchman, father

64. Splendid (adjective)
Antonym: modest, unimpressive, ordinary, indistinguishable, ,dreadful, awful, horrible

magnificent, sumptuous, grand, impressive, superb, spectacular, resplendent, opulent, luxurious, palatial, deluxe, rich, fine, costly, expensive, lavish, ornate, gorgeous, glorious, dazzling, elegant, handsome, beautiful

65. Tender (adjective)
কচি, কোমল
Antonym: hardy, hard-hearted, callous, unsympathetic, tough

delicate, soft, loving, affectionate fragile, breakable, frail

66. Least ( adjective )
Antonym: greatest, most

slightest, smallest, minimum, minimal, minutest, tiniest, littlest

67. Sigh(ed) ( verb )
দীর্ঘশ্বাস ফেলা
Antonym: Not Applicable

Not Applicable

68. Panic (noun)
আতঙ্ক, ভয়
Antonym: calm, calmness, relax

fear, alarm, anxiety, nervousness, fright, trepidation, dread, terror, horror, agitation, hysteria, consternation, perturbation, dismay

69. Seize (verb)
পাকড়াও করা, বাজেয়াপ্ত করা, গ্রাস করা
Antonym: relinquish, liberate, release, ransom

grab, grasp, snatch, grip, clutch, take, pluck, arrest, occupy, confiscate

70. Appear (verb)
হাজির হওয়া
Antonym: disappear, vanish

come, arrive, visible, come into view, come into sight, materialize

71. Enormous (adjective)
প্রচুর, বৃহদাকার
Antonym: tiny, small

huge, vast, extensive, expansive, broad, wide

72. Succulent (adjective)
Antonym: dry, shrivelled, unappetizing

juicy, luscious, lush, fleshy, pulpy, soft, tender, fresh, flavoursome, flavourful, tasty, delicious, delectable, palatable, toothsome

73. Appetizing (adjective)
মুখরোচক, ক্ষুধা উদ্রেককারী
Antonym: bland, unappealing, unappetising 

mouth-watering, inviting, tempting, tasty, succulent, delicious, palatable, delectable, flavoursome, luscious, toothsome

74. Tickle (verb)
কুতুকুতু দেয়া, আলতো স্পর্শ করা
Antonym: hurt, annoy

lightly touch, kittle, lightly prod, chuck

75. Nostril (noun)
নাক এর ছিদ্র
Antonym: Not Applicable

Not Applicable

76. Faintly (adverb)
দূর্বল ভাবে
Antonym: strongly, brightly, loudly, extremely 

indistinctly, softly, weakly, feebly

77. Ingratiating (adjective, verb)
তোষামুদে, উৎসাহে
Antonym: Not Applicable

Not Applicable

78. Blush (noun)
লজ্জ্বারূপ হওয়া, আরক্তিম হওয়া
Antonym: Not Applicable

flush, reddening, high colour, colour, rosiness, bloom

79. Peaches (noun)
এক ধরণ এর ফল
Antonym: Not Applicable

Not Applicable

80. Landscape (noun)
প্রাকৃতিক ভূদৃশ্য
Antonym: portrait

scenery, countryside, topography, country, land, terrain, environment outlook, view, panorama


81. Miserable (adjective)
শোচনীয়, করুণ
Antonym: happy,contented, luxurious,glorious, lovely 

unhappy, sad, sorrowful, dejected, depressed, downcast, downhearted, despondent, despairing, disconsolate, wretche, gloomy, dismal, melancholic, low-spirited, mournful, woeful, woebegone, doleful, forlorn, crestfallen, broken-hearted, heartbroken, inconsolable, luckless, grief-stricken

82. Inadequate (adjective)
Antonym: adequate, sufficient,competent

insufficient, not enough, deficient, poor, scant, scanty, scarce, sparse, too little, too few, short

83. Tip (noun)
Antonym: Not Applicable

pourboire , point, top

84. Rested (verb)
নিশ্রান্ত, নিদিষ্ট দিকে তাকান
Antonym: spent,tried

placed, refreshed

85. Instant (adjective)
Antonym: delayed, long-term

immediate, instantaneous, prompt, direct, swift, speedy, rapid, quick, expeditious, lightning, sudden, precipitate, abrupt

86. Mean (adjective)
নিকৃষ্ট, কৃপণ, হীনমর্যাদাপূর্ণ
Antonym: generous, extravagant, munificent, palatial

miserly, niggardly, close-fisted, parsimonious, penny-pinching, cheese-paring, ungenerous, penurious, illiberal, avaricious, Scrooge-like

87. Retorted (verb)
প্রতিশোধমূলক বা চতুর উত্তর দেওয়া
Antonym: Not Applicable

revenge,pay back

88. Humorist (noun)
Antonym: Not Applicable

comic writer, comedian, comedienne, joker, jokester, clown, jester

89.Cab (noun)
ট্যাক্সি বা ঘোড়ার গাড়ি
Antonym: Not Applicable

cart , carriage, taxi

90. Vindictive (adjective)
প্রতিশোধ পরায়ণ
Antonym: forgiving 

vengeful, revengeful, avenging, unforgiving, grudge-bearing, resentful, ill-disposed, implacable, unrelenting, acrimonious, bitter, spiteful, mean-spirited, rancorous, venomous, poisonous, malicious, malevolent, malignant, malign, evil, evil-intentioned, nasty, cruel, unkind, ill-natured, baleful 

91. Pardonable (adjective)
ক্ষমা করা যায় এমন
Antonym: inexcusable, unpardonable

excusable, forgivable, allowable, condonable, minor, slight, venial, not serious, permissible

92. Observe (verb)
পর্যবেক্ষণ করা
Antonym: overlook, disregard, ignore, break

notice, see, note, perceive, discern, remark, spot, detect, discover, distinguish

93. Complacency (noun)
মনের আনন্দ ,প্রসন্নতা
Antonym: dissatisfaction

gladness, happiness, delight, smugness, self-satisfaction, self-approval

94. Weigh (verb)
ওজন হওয়া
Antonym: Not Applicable

heavy, measure, mass, load,

95. Stone (noun)
14 Pounds in Weight
Antonym: Not Applicable

(14 pounds, 6.35 kilograms)