‘The Unforgettable History’ Summary and Word Meaning : HSC English First Part

The Unforgettable History’ Summary

Main text/speech as in English For Today for Classes 11-12 (HSC English First Part Textbook) has around 1600 words. The summary beneath has around 500 words. The summary has been written for each para so that you can find them easy to write in exams. However, you should write the summary in a paragraph in exams. You can omit the phrases in the third brackets [ ] if you want to make it shorter.

The Unforgettable History Summary

(1st para) Addressing as brothers, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman tells/reminds/draws attention of the audience to the grief caused by the brutality (and murder) nationwide by the opressors. He echoes the want of freedom, life and rights of the Bengalis. (2nd para) Then Sheikh Mujib muses/reflects on/recalls the tragic history of Bengal of the last 23 years under West Pakistani regime, full of tortures and deprivations – last but not the least, depriving the elected party Awami League of forming government. (3rd para) He enlists the years which landmark the events of political deprivation/oppression faced by the Bengalis in Pakistan – murders in language movement in 1952, annulment/dismissal of the provincial government elected in 1954,  declaration of Martial Law by Ayub Khan in 1958, murders in the six point movement in 1966, transfer of power to Yahya Khan in 1969 and his false promises thereafter. (4th para) Mujib quotes his flexible proposals [as a representative of the majority in whole of Pakistan] to Yahya to arrange National Assembly sessions and Yahya’s conspiring with Mr. Bhutto together. (5th para) Bhutto then comes for further negotiations and Mujib complies with it. But Bhutto plots a rumour of an assassination planned for the West Pakistani MPs [coming in Bengal for the Assembly and resolves to prevent it]. (6th para) Mujib resolves that the Assembly would meet and President Yahya complies with it. Accordingly, 35 MPs from West Pakistan come to Bengal but Yahya treacherously dissolves it based on the same rumour plotted by Bhutto. (7th para) Afterwards, Mujib describes his leading a peaceful general strike observed by the Bengalis. (8 th para) But then he has to painfully describe the oppression by the West Pakistanis on this peaceful movement with bullets fired on Bengalis[, the majority people in Pakistan]. (9th para) Mujib demands justice for the massacre carried out, but Yahya proposes a Round Table Conference instead. Mujib strongly denies it [and condemns Yahya’s actions as the President]. (10th para)Again addressing as brothers, Sheikh Mujib tells the audience his refusal to join the Assembly on the 25 March and his preconditions – to withdraw Martial Law, to send back the army to the barracks, to punish the murderers. He then calls for a nationwide General Strike indefinitely, for executive institutions to shut down with an exemption for transports and banks. Mujib warns the authorities from doing any further aggression, and if done, he guides the audience to confront the enemy with whatever they have [till death even in his absence]. (11th para) He strongly warns the army personnel from taking part in aggression. (12th para), Mujib then goes on to address certain issues regarding the strike – he guides the relief process of the martyrs and the wounded, demands the payment of wages for factory workers during the strike, declares exemptions of tax and custom duties till liberation and demands obedience from the government employees. (13th para) He warns them from the enemy plotting from inside and to maintain internal and communal harmony. (14th para) Next, he demands the workers in radio, television, telegram and banks to conform with their cause, or be faced by the Bengalis. (15th, 16th, 17th and 18th paras) In his final remarks, Sheikh Mujib tells his people to revolt under Awami League’s and fight for this struggle of freedom and emancipation. He concludes with prayer for Bengal to live long.

The Unforgettable History Word Meanings in Ba



1. Grief (noun)
বিষাদ, ক্ষোভ
Antonym: joy, delight

sorrow, misery, sadness, anguish, pain, distress, agony, torment, affliction, suffering, heartache, heartbreak, woe, desolation, despondency, dejection, despair, angst, mortification

2. Yet (adverb)
তবুও, তথাপি, এখনো
Antonym : Not Applicable

nevertheless, nonetheless, even so, but, however, still, notwithstanding, despite that, hitherto, till now

3. Fortunate (adjective)
সৌভাগ্যবান, ঋদ্ধ
Antonym : unfortunate, unlucky, underprivileged

lucky, favoured, blessed, auspicious, born under a lucky star, having a charmed life, charmed, happy

4. Significant (adjective)
তাৎপর্যপূর্ণ, গুরত্বপূর্ণ
Antonym : insignificant, minor, meaningless

important, notable, noteworthy, serious, remarkable, outstanding, of consequence, consequential

5. Awash (adjective)
প্লাবিত,তরঙ্গবিধৌত, ভাসমান
Antonym : dried, parched

flooded, covered with water, afloat, submerged, engulfed, submersed

6. Overflowing (adjective, verb)
উপচে পড়া
Antonym: empty

brimming, overwhelmed, overfull, full to bursting, full to the brim, overcrowded, packed like sardines, congested, choked, overloaded, swelled up, thronged, swarming, teeming

7. Constitution (noun) সংবিধান, শাসনতন্ত্র

charter, set of laws, social code, body of law, system of rules

8. Import ( noun )
প্রভাব, গুরুত্ব
Antonym: expor

implication, importance, effect

9.Cope (verb, noun )
সামলানো , মস্তকাবরণ 
Antonym: crumble

vie, contend, manage, survive, subsist, tire, headwear

10. Draft  (noun)
খসড়া, নকশা
Antonym: final version

manuscript, preliminary version, sketch, outline, plan, blueprint, skeleton, abstract, main points, bones, bare bones

11. Regret( noun, verb )
অনুশোচনা করা, দুঃখ প্রকাশ
Antonym: exult, applaud

contrition, remorse, grief, lamentation, lament, bewail,

12. Tragic( adjective)
দুঃখ জনক, বিয়োগান্তক
Antonym: comic, fortunate, joyful

sorrowful, grievous, miserable, disastrous, calamitous, catastrophic, cataclysmic, devastating, terrible, dreadful, appalling, horrendous, dire, ruinous, gruesome, awful, miserable, wretched, unfortunate

13. Inflict ( verb )
আরোপ করা, শাস্তি দেয়া

strike, deliver, torture, impose, force, press, thrust, foist

14. Torture(verb, noun )
নিপীড়ন, অত্যাচার

torment, anguish, misery, oppression, maltreatment, punishment, persecution

15. Victor (noun )
Antonym: loser, vanquished

winner, champion, conqueror, vanquisher, prizewinner, medallist, cup winner, prizeman

16. Assume (verb )
ধারণা করা, দায়িত্ব গ্রহণ করা

presume, suppose, take on, presuppose, conjecture, surmise, conclude, come to the conclusion, deduce, reckon, reason, guess, imagine, think, fancy, accept, believe, understand

17. Bloodshed (verb )

killing, carnage, bloody affair

18. Agony ( noun)
মহাবেদনা, উৎকণ্ঠা
Antonym: ecstasy, rapture

suppressed pain, suffering, affliction, trauma, trouble, privation, misery, distress, grief, woe, wretchedness, heartbreak, heartache, pangs, throes

19. Crimson (adjective)
টকটকে লাল, রক্তিম বর্ণ

scarlet, reddish, red,


20. Enslave (verb)
দাস  বানিয়ে রাখা, ক্রীতদাস করা
Antonym: liberate, emancipate

subjugate, sell into slavery, defeat, enfetter, overwhelm

21. Reins(noun )

bridle, restraint, check, curb, constraint, restriction, limitation, control

22. Assembly( noun )
সমাবেশ, বৈঠক, সংসদ
Antonym: dismantling, disassembly

gathering, meeting, congregation, convention, rally, convocation, congress, council, synod, audience, assemblage, turnout, group, body, crowd, throng, company

23. So far (adverbial )

until now, up to now, up to this point, as yet, thus far, hitherto, up to date, by this time

24. Observe( verb)
পালন করা, পর্যবেক্ষণ করা
Antonym: overlook, ignore

Synonym: notice, see, note, perceive, discern, remark, spot, detect, discover, distinguish, make out

25. Session( noun )

meeting, sitting, assembly, conclave, hearing,conference, discussion, forum, symposium

26. Negotiation ( noun )
আলাপ আলোচনা, সমঝোতা, চুক্তি
Antonym: provocation

discussion, discussions, talks, consultation, consultations, parleying, mediation, arbitration, intercession, conciliation

27. Slaughter (verb, noun )
জবাই করা, বধ করা
Antonym: save

kill, butcher, murder, massacre, rout, slay

28. Reign( noun, verb )
ক্ষমতা, রাজত্ব

supremacy, mastery, regime, rule, government, realm

29. Democracy (noun )
Antonym: tyranny, dictatorship

republic, constitutional government, popular government,self-government, government by the people, autonomy, commonwealth

30. Majority (noun)
Antonym: minority

dominance, larger number, greater number, greater part, major part, most, bulk, mass, predominance, generality, lion’s share

31. Hold( verb )
অনুষ্ঠিত করা, রাখা
Antonym: let go of 

lay, retain, maintain, bear, catch, tolerate, contain 

32. Instead ( adverb)
Antonym: as well

as an alternative, as a substitute, as a replacement, in lieu, alternatively rather, by contrast

33. Prorogue( verb )
 স্থগিত রাখা

adjourn, cease, break, defer, discontinue

34. Protest (verb, noun )
প্রতিবাদ করা
Antonym: agree

object, dissent, gainsay, contradict, challenge, contravention

35. Spontaneously( adverb )
Antonym: forcefully 



36. Firm (adjective)
অটল ,মজবুত ,অবিচল
Antonym: soft, yielding, unstable,limp, irresolute 

effortlessly, voluntarily, impulsively, extemporaneously, without cause



 resolute, determined, decided, resolved, steadfast,adamant, assertive, emphatic, insistent, unfaltering, unwavering, unflinching,                                                              unswerving, unyielding, unbending, inflexible, obdurate, obstinate, stubborn, intransigent

37. Determination ( noun )
:Antonym: weak-mindedness, pusillanimity 

resolution, resolve, resoluteness ,will power, strength of will, strength of character, single-mindedness, purposefulness, intentness, decision, decidedness 

38. Constitute ( verb )
গঠন করা

comprise, shape, inaugurate, initiate, establish,  found, create, set up, put in place, start, begin, originate, form, organize, develop 

39. External ( adjective )
বাহিরের, বহিরাগত
Antonym: internal 

outer, outside, outermost, outward, exterior, surface, superficial visible, extrinsic, extraneous 

40. Apparent(adjective )
প্রত্যক্ষ, দৃষ্টিমান, প্রতীয়মান
Antonym: unclear, obscure 

evident, plain, obvious, clear, manifest, visible, discernible, perceptible, perceivable, noticeable, detectable, recognizable, observable 


41. Wretched( adjective )
Antonym: comfortable, luxurious, cheerful,worthy, admirable

unlucky, woeful, harsh, hard, grim, stark, difficult,poor, poverty-stricken, impoverished, pitiful, piteous, pathetic, tragic, miserable, bleak, cheerless, hopeless, sorry, sordid, shabby

42. Downtrodden (adjective ) 
অধিকার বঞ্চিত, নিপীড়িত

oppressed, subjugated, persecuted, subdued, repressed, tyrannized, enslaved, burdened, exploited, disadvantaged, underprivileged, victimized, browbeaten, abused, misused, maltreated, ill-treated 

43. Mow (verb)
Antonym: blend 

cut, cut down, scythe, shear, trim crop, clip

44. Deprived (adjective)
বঞ্চিত করা:
Antonym: privileged

disadvantaged, underprivileged, poverty-stricken, impoverished, poor, destitute, needy, depressed, distressed, forlorn

45. Massacre (noun )

carnage, slaughter, butcher, murder, kill, annihilate, exterminate, decimate, kill off, wipe out, put to the sword 

46. Wade ( verb )
পা দিয়ে মাড়া দেওয়া

paddle, wallow, dabble, slop, squelch, trudge, plod

47. Spill(verb )
ঝরা, পতন

stream, pour, surge, swarm, flood, throng, crowd, mill

48. Although (conjunction )

in spite of, despite the fact that, notwithstanding the fact that, notwithstanding that, even though, even if, despite the possibility that, albeit, however, yet, but

49. Withdraw (verb )
প্রত্যাহার,ফিরিয়ে নেওয়া 
Antonym: insert, introduce, bring in, deposit

abolish, cancel, lift, raise, set aside, discontinue, end, stop, terminate, remove, reverse, revoke, rescind,  repeal, countermand, annul, void

50. Barracks (noun)
ছাউনী, ঘর

garrison, camp, encampment, depot, billet, quarters, fort, cantonment, guardhouse

51. Representative  (noun, adjective)
Antonym: unrepresentative

delegate, envoy, ambassador, deputy, courier, surrogate

52. Secretariat (noun)

office, bureau, registers, prefecture

53. Convent (noun )

priory, abbey, monastery, religious house, religious community, cloister

54. Fort ( noun)

fortress, castle, citadel, blockhouse, tower, turret, stronghold, redoubt, fortification, bastion

55. Confront ( verb )
মোকাবিলা করা
Antonym: avoid

challenge, oppose, resist, defy, beard, tackle, attack, assault

56. Indefinitely( adverb )
অনিদিষ্ট ভাবে, অনিশ্চিত ভাবে
Antonym: definitely

indeterminately, hesitantly, doubtfully, unspecifically

57. Magistracy (noun )
বিচারালয়, প্রমাণিক
Antonym: N.A

Synonym: Judiciary, Court

58. Revolt (verb, noun )
বিদ্রোহ করা
Antonym: obey 

rebel, insurgency, rebellion, rise up, take up arms, riot, mutiny, uprising, show resistance,oppose, resist, defy, disobey 

59. Hardship (noun )
Antonym: smoothness, pleasure

privation, deprivation, destitution, poverty, austerity, penury, want, need, neediness, beggary, impecuniousness, impecuniosity, distress,misfortune, suffering, affliction, trouble, pain, misery, wretchedness, tribulation, adversity, disaster, ruin, ruination, calamity

60. Direct (verb, adjective)
সরাসির, নির্দেশনা দেওয়া
Antonym: indirect, inverse 

operate, manage, conduct, lead straight, undeviating, unswerving shortest, quickest 

61. Standstill(noun )
Antonym: change 

halt, stalemate, deadlock, dead stop, stagnancy, unswerving, immobility 


62. Starve (verb )
ক্ষুধায় কাতরানো
Antonym: feed

famish, fast, bereave

63. Bother (verb )
মাথা ঘামানো, ঝামেলা করা 
Antonym: Ignore, Avoid

disturb, trouble, fret, worry, meddle, harass, molest, plague, beset, torment, nag, annoy, upset, irritate, vex, provoke

64. Anarchy (noun )
Antonym: government, order

lawlessness, disorder, chaos, nihilism, mobocracy, revolution, insurrection, riot, rebellion,disorganization, misrule, tumult, turmoil, mayhem, pandemonium

65. Taint (noun, verb )
Antonym: clean, disinfect

mark, scar, flaw, contaminate, pollute, adulterate, infect, blight, befoul, spoil, soil, ruin, destroy

66. Transmit (verb )
প্রেরণ করা, পাঠানো
Antonym: receive

transfer, pass on, send, communicate, convey, impart, channel, carry, bear, relay, dispatch, mediate disseminate, spread, circulate, diffuse, radiate

67. Suppress ( verb )
দমন করা, গোপন করা  
Antonym: express, submit, publicize,

subdue, put down, curb, defeat, conquer, vanquish, triumph over, repress, crush, quell, quash, squash, stamp out, overpower, extinguish, crack down

68. Martyr( verb, noun )
শহীদ, শহীদ করা

put to death, kill, martyrize, crucify

69. Wage (noun )
Antonym: undue 

pay, payment, remuneration, salary, emolument, fee, allowance, honorarium,income, revenue,yield, profit, gain, reimbursement, earnings

70. Chaos (noun)
Antonym: order, orderliness

disorder, disarray, disorganization, confusion, mayhem, bedlam, pandemonium, madness, havoc, turmoil, tumult, commotion, disruption, upheaval, furore, frenzy, uproar, hue and cry, babel, hurly-burly

71. Abroad (adverb )
Antonym: native, domestic

outdoor, oversea, away, foreign

72. Attempt(verb, noun )
চেষ্টা, পদক্ষেপ

try, strive, aim, venture, endeavour, seek, set out, effort, spare no effort

73. Wound (noun, verb )
Antonym: heal

injury, injure, hurt, mutilate, maim, lesion, cut, gash, tear, sore, graze, scratch, scrape, abrasion, bruise, contusion, trauma

74. Assist (verb )
সহেযোগিতা করা
Antonym: hinder, impede

help, aid, support, favour, abet, give assistance to, oblige, accommodate, serve

75. Mean ( noun)
উপায়, অর্থ প্রকাশ করা, মানে বোঝানো
Antonym: N.A

sake, behalfmoney, resources, capital, income, finance, funds, cash, the wherewithal, assets, bread, dibs, moolah, shekels, gelt, loot, oof, scratch, splosh

76. Relief(noun)
মুক্তি, ত্রাণ
Antonym: tension

remission, salvation, rescue, redemption, release, substitute, deputy, reserve, supply

77. Exterminate (verb )
দমন করা, বিনাশ করা
Antonym: create

Synonym: smash, ruin, destroy, annihilate, uproot, kill, put to death, slaughter, butcher, massacre, wipe out, chambers, ethnically cleanse, destroy, eliminate,

78. Appropriate (adjective)
Antonym: inappropriate, irrelevant

suitable, proper, fitting, apt, relevant, connected, pertinent, apposite, applicable, germane,  right, convenient, expedient, favourable, auspicious, propitious

79. Revolution ( noun )
বিপ্লব, আন্দোলন
Antonym: N.A

rebellion, revolt, insurrection, mutiny, uprising, rising, insurgence, insurgency, coup, overthrow, seizure of power, regime change, subversion, disorder, protest, strike 

80. Liberate (verb )
স্বাধীন করা, মুক্ত করা
Antonym: confine, enslave, subjugate

release, redeem, aquit, set free, free, release, let out, let go, discharge, set loose, save, rescue, unshackle, unfetter, unchain, untie, unmanacle, unbind

81. Emancipation(noun )
স্বাধীনতা, মুক্তি
Antonym: enslavement, slavery

liberation, freedom, independence, liberty, swaraj, salvation, release,unfettering, unshackling, unyoking

82. Community (noun )
সম্প্রদায়, সমাজ 
Antonym: isolation, difference

population, society, citizenry, public, collective,nation, state, country, realm, commonwealth, homeland

83. Possession(noun )
Antonym: N.A

ownership, proprietorship, property, belongings, claim, control, charge, hold, title, guardianship